Early Byzantine Capitals from Sozopol: Traditions and Diversity  Cover Image
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Ранновизантийските капители от Созопол:традиция и многообразие
Early Byzantine Capitals from Sozopol: Traditions and Diversity

Author(s): Iva Doseva
Subject(s): Cultural history
Published by: Институт за изследване на изкуствата, Българска академия на науките

Summary/Abstract: Published for the first time are 11 early-Byzantine capitals from Sozopol that are interesting not only because they represent the development of form during the period but because they are a unique proof of the active construction work and the sources of art in the city . The examined on catalogue princi- pal capitals represent almost all ba- sic types of the epoch – Corinthian, Theodosian, kempferia, Ionian kempferia, and cubic ones . In the framework of these types there are the popular ones (capitals № 2 .1, 2 .2, 5, 6) but also some of the most lavish examples (№9), created in the Empire’s ateliers at Prokones . If not from Prokones capitals № 8 and 10 could have been imported from Greece – the other source of architectural details on the West Pontic seacoast . Some of the capitals have been made my local stone-cutters ateliers and are an example of the specific ‘interpretation’ of those from the capital (№ 3, 4, 7) . Capital № 3 is presumed to have been created in what is now the region of Malko Tarnovo about which there exists information that at least during the Antiquity there were stone-pits and ateliers for marble work . Other capitals presume the existence of stone-cutting ateliers near Sozopol (№ 4, 7) . The two works from the province (№3 and 4), in the framework of the old type of capitals, reflect the new tendencies in architectural sculpture which at the high, capital level turned into perfect new forms – kempfer and cubic capitals . The published here capitals show, that in the city–heir of the ancient Greek Ionian colony Apollonia, existed stable traditions and active continuity .

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 3-11
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Bulgarian