Perfectionism, Private Self-Consciousness, Negative Affect and Avoidance as Determinants of Binge Eating Cover Image

Perfekcionizam, privatna svijest o sebi, negativan afekt i izbjegavanje kao odrednice prejedanja
Perfectionism, Private Self-Consciousness, Negative Affect and Avoidance as Determinants of Binge Eating

Author(s): Mladenka Tkalčić, Miljana Kukić, Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, Igor Kardum, Šarlota Šajina
Subject(s): Psychology
Published by: Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar
Keywords: Escape theory; perfectionism; private self-consciousness; negative affect; body image coping strategies; binge eating

Summary/Abstract: The aim of this study was to understand factors leading to binge eating in the student population, concerning some affective,cognitive and situational variables. As a small number of researches tested the Escape theory (Heatherton i Baumeister, 1991), which is very important in understanding binge eating behaviour, this study tried to evaluate the whole model and interrelations among its components. Four hundred students from the University of Rijeka participated in this study, aged 19 – 29 years. Data about perfectionism, private self-consciousness, negative affect, body image coping strategies, and binge eating were collected using self-report questionnaires. Obtained results showed that perfectionism significantly correlated with high aversive self-awareness, negative affect and escape avoidance strategy in body image threatening situations which could lead to binge eating. Avoidance coping independently contributed to binge eating but also mediated effects of other variables – negative affect, perfectionism, and private self-consciousness. It could be hypothesized that the combination of these variables constitutes a risk profile for later development of eating disorders. Obtained data confirm assumptions of Heatherton and Baumeister's Escape theory in explanation of the development of binge eating disorder and highlight the need to include these variables in the prevention programmes and treatment of eating disorders.

  • Issue Year: 18/2009
  • Issue No: 99+100
  • Page Range: 111-128
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Croatian