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AMBROGIO TRAVERSARI – NĚKOLIK POZNÁMEK K HUMANISMU
AMBROGIO TRAVERSARI – SEVERAL NOTES ON HUMANISM

Author(s): Jan Stejskal
Subject(s): History
Published by: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci

Summary/Abstract: “Humanism” became a terminological problem not only historically, but also territorially. Historically, people of various epochs used various meanings of this word. Today, its meaning is rather wide and the renaissance humanism as a theoretical doctrine of learned people who lived between 14th and 16th centuries is only one of many. While speaking about “renaissance humanism” no territorial limits are usually adopted and the term is used for Italy as well as for the Central Europe. The origins of Italian renaissance humanism are discussed together with specific situation of late medieval Italy. The lack of central power (imperial or noble over-lords), leading to the “republican” form of municipal government was totally unique and irreplaceable. Also the Italian humanism rooting from “republican” individualism was spread over Alps only in its form (literature, arts etc.), not in its substance. The personality of general of Camaldolian congregation Ambrogio Traversari represents an example of humanist inside the Church and the disparity of Italian humanism becomes even clearer whenTraversari is compared to the Camaldolian monk John Jerome of Prague – the representative of the Czech exile during the Hussite period.

  • Issue Year: 2002
  • Issue No: 31
  • Page Range: 71-77
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Czech