"Bosanski" turski i njegova autentična obilježja
"Bosnian Turkish" and Its Authentic Characteristics

Author(s): Ekrem Čaušević
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Orijentalni Institut u Sarajevu

Summary/Abstract: Dialectal characteristics of Turkish speeches in Balkan are formed during the complicated migration processes and under the strong influences of non-Turkish (mainly Slavic) language substratum. These influences are especiatly visible in syntax. Apart from the large number of common characteristics which, generally speaking, can be identified as "Slavic", it is indisputable that each one of the dialects has its own characteristics based on tile peculiarilies of subsstratums throughout which the dialects continue to exist. Influences of Serbo-Croatian on "Bosnian" Turkish in matters of syntax are visible not only in the sentence word order but also in the process of conjunctionalization of Turkish pronouns, adverbs and adverbial expressions (specific calques (loan translations) of Serbo-Croatian conjunctions). After analysing these influences the author brings the following conclusions: a) Peculiarity of "Bosnian" dialect is that it was used by non-native (bilingual) speakers and that it was used by ethnically non-Turkish population of Bosnia as a mean of oral communication with Turkish and other non-Slavic subjects of Ottoman Empire, b) For that reason the influence of native language, i.e. syntax of Serbo-Croatian language was more intensive e) "Bosnian" dialect undoubtly was one of West Rumelian (Balkanian) dialects of Turkish laguage, and according to its syntactic charachteristics it could be called "Bosnian", not only in sense of its geographycal determination, but also in sense of its variant-type determination.

  • Issue Year: 1991
  • Issue No: 41
  • Page Range: 385-394
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Bosnian