The Russian diplomacy and the Swedish/Finnish question Cover Image

Az orosz diplomácia és a svéd/finn kérdés, 1801 - 1815
The Russian diplomacy and the Swedish/Finnish question

Author(s): Erzsébet Bodnár
Subject(s): History
Published by: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Új-és Jelenkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék
Keywords: alliance policies, Napoleonic Wars, Russian foreign policy, Alexander I, Swedish Question, Finnish War, Grand Duchy of Finland

Summary/Abstract: The Swedish Question was a problem succesfully managed by Russian Diplomacy between 1801 and 1815. At the beginning of his reign Alexander I and his diplomatic administration did everything to avoid European conflicts, particularly a war with Sweden. But in the first years of the 19th century Alexander had to give up his foreign program because of the frequently changing alliance relations. In 1807 Napoleon defeated Russia, the Treaty of Tilsit ended Russian influence in Central Europe for a while, but it gave Alexander the opportunity to advance Russian interests in the North against Sweden and in the South against the Ottoman Empire. In the Treaty of Fredrikshamn (Hamina) Sweden ceded territories of Finland to Russia. The treaty indicated a change which finally led an alteration of the North-European political system and had an influence on the the European policy of Russia. This study tries to investigate the historical and diplomatical changes between 1801 and 1815 based on Russian diplomatic sources.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 399 - 414
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Hungarian