Schimbarea profilului demografic şi ocupaţional al populaţiei rurale: 1990–2009
Changes in the Romanian rural demographic and occupational profile: 1990–2009
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: rural Romania; demographic transition; rural employment; social change.
Summary/Abstract: This paper explores the demographic and occupational changes in rural Romania, during 1990–2009. In the last 20 years, rural population decreased by more than 1 million people. Birth rates and fertility rates were considerably reduced, while external migration exploded. Under these circumstances, the aging process and the depopulation of some areas have become central issues for rural space. On the other hand, the effects of economic transition on employment of rural population were dramatic: the number of people employed in agriculture has increased while the number of employees has decreased dramatically. Thus, subsistence farming and self – consumption have become widespread in rural areas.
- Issue Year: XXI/2010
- Issue No: 1-2
- Page Range: 29-43
- Page Count: 15
- Language: Romanian