On the National Classifier of Events in the Life of the Personality and Society, Celebrated by Feasts and Rituals Cover Image

За националния класификатор на събитията в живота на личността и обществото, които се чествуват с празници и обреди
On the National Classifier of Events in the Life of the Personality and Society, Celebrated by Feasts and Rituals

Author(s): Ignat Minkov
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The classification of events in the life of a personality and of society, expressed in festivities and rituals, is that of a festive rituality. In creating such a classifier, it is necessary to base it on the character and degree of development of the system of festive rituality and the mechanisms by which it achieves its social impact. Now that the Bulgarian socialist society has reached its maturity, it is possible to activate the mechanisms of direct informal impact on a personality by the practice of festive rituality. That is why socialist festive rituality takes a more important place in the system of social culture. Since in their social realization festive rituality practices appear as a form of artistic culture, it is not only thestructural-functional and genetic relations of the social system which are shown in order to reveal the mechanisms by which it is realized, but also its horological aspects which are the basis of culture of an artistic type. Festivities and rituals have an impact on human beings through groups and communities which create their own 'cultural territory', their 'cultural milieu'. In serving such communities of human beings festive rituality 'covers' the whole ethnosocial body and is thus built up as a system of an organic type in which connections between the separate components he-come a means — the connecting link is human vital activity. The structure by means of which the festive rituality system 'covers' and serves an ethnosocial community is built up according to the scheme 'personality—social community—society' as a whole. On the basis of this approach the author offers the following structure for the classifier: 1. Events (festive-ritualistic practices) expressing the formation and realization of the personality. 2. Events reflecting the manifestations of social groups and communities through which a personality is expressed: the labour group, the settlement, the family. 3. Events (feasts and rituals) in the life of the Bulgarian socialist nation reflecting its historical past, its present achievements and the contemporary, world. 4. Events and their respective festive-ritualistic practices, dedicated to nature and human health,the most important social component in man's biological essence, are differentiated in a fourth group. In conclusion, the convenience of this classification for the practical guidance of the festive-ritualistic system is pointed out.

  • Issue Year: 1985
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 37-50
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Bulgarian