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Legitymizacja systemu politycznego w dwudziestu jeden krajach
Legitimization of Political System in Twenty One Countries

Author(s): Henryk Domański
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Keywords: legitimization; trust; political class; democracy

Summary/Abstract: Analyses on sources of legitimization bear, mostly, on theoretical reflection. My aim here is to assess underpinnings of legitimacy in a quantitative way. This is an empirical study which examines determinants of subjective legitimization of government and social system in 21 European societies. Data comes from the first edition of European Social Survey carried out on national random samples in 2002. Legitimization is defined in terms of support for government, democracy, and economic policy of a given state. My analyses aim, first, at assessing relative “levels” of legitimization throughout analyzed societies. Second, various sets of individual measures of social characteristics and attitudes are employed in order to establish some universal requirements of legitimacy. Third, an attempt is made to define macro-structural determinants of variations in legitimacy related to economic development, political system, degree of corruption and social structure. Finally, these findings are discussed in reference to most recent hipotheses concerning the relations between legitimization, welfare state and decreasing confidence and trust.

  • Issue Year: 177/2005
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 5-39
  • Page Count: 34
  • Language: Polish