Animal Resources Exploited in Settlements of the 2nd-7th Centuries in the Area Between Danube and Black Sea: Archaeozoological Data  Cover Image
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Resurse animale exploatate în aşezări de secole 2-7 d.Hr. din zona cuprinsă între Dunăre şi Marea Neagră: date arheozoologice
Animal Resources Exploited in Settlements of the 2nd-7th Centuries in the Area Between Danube and Black Sea: Archaeozoological Data

Author(s): Simina Stanc, Luminiţa Bejenaru
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Editura Istros - Muzeul Brailei
Keywords: archaeozoology; quantification; hunting; animal husbandry

Summary/Abstract: The paper was realized on the study of 14 archaeozoological samples taken from Roman and early Byzantine sites from Dobrudja (Romania). This work describes comparatively the groups of fish, birds and mammals identified in samples. Animal husbandry represented an important occupation during the 2nd-7th centuries in Dobrudja. In the studied assemblages more than 85% consists in remains of domestic mammals, except for Murighiol (78%). The identified domestic mammals are: cattle (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries), goat (Capra hircus), pig (Sus domesticus), horse (Equus caballus), donkey (Equus asinus), dog (Canis familiaris), and cat (Felis domesticus). In all the studied settlements the predominant species are cattle, sheep/goat and pig, both by the number of identified specimens and by the minimal number of individuals. The frequencies of these species vary from one settlement to other, but cattle are dominant in most of them, except Ovidiu and Murighiol assemblages. Hunting has a small importance for the settlements under study, the percentages of wild mammals varies between 2.2% and 21.24%. The wild mammals species identified are: red deer (Cervus elaphus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), aurochs (Bos primigenius), hare (Lepus europaeus), beaver (Castor fiber), fox (Vulpes vulpes), wolf (Canis lupus), bear (Ursus arctos), badger (Meles meles), marbled polecat (Vormela peregusna), pine marten (Martes martes), otter (Lutra lutra), dolphin (Deplhinus sp.), harbour porpoise (Phocaena relicta).

  • Issue Year: 19/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 389-409
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: English