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Znaczenie innego w doświadczeniu wartości
The significance of the other in axiological experience

Author(s): Karolina Rozmarynowska
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Keywords: values; other; axiological experience; Tischner J.

Summary/Abstract: The aim of the article is to show subjective sources of axiological experience. According to Tischner’s conception, each person experiences various values, of which ethical values are particular. Their peculiarity consists in the fact that they appear in the presence of the other (especially another human). We realize values in interpersonal relations, because they are ideals of human behaviour realized in a particular situation involving the other: we are faithful, just and honest to the other. Ethical values obligate us to act when something important is threatened. It means they are experienced as objective but not real. A crucial condition for achieving values is, to use Tischner’s expression, a “sense of reality”. Values have a binding nature, but it is a moral obligation, not a physical determination. A human person is independent in recognizing, choosing and realizing values. The essence of axiological experience is preference. That’s why the human world is ordered hierarchically.

  • Issue Year: 48/2012
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 55-66
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Polish