Repatriation of the Diaspora in the Migration Politics of Certain European Countries Cover Image
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Репатриране на диаспората в миграционната политика на някои европейски държави
Repatriation of the Diaspora in the Migration Politics of Certain European Countries

Author(s): Spas Tashev
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Институт за изследване на населението и човека - Българска академия на науките

Summary/Abstract: Decline in birth rates and ageing of the population in Europe are the basic factors which motivate European countries to work out various immigra¬tion models. According to the UN prognoses Europe needs 1,35 immigrants annually. For that reason Spain, Belgium, Italy, Germany and other countries have worked out procedures for legalisation of illegal immigrants. Due to those politics certain Euro¬pean countries with a negative population growth, register a positive overall growth. One characteristic phenomenon for European countries in 2000 is that within the over¬all population growth (+1,35 million) the share of immigrants' growth (+ 800 000) is considerably larger than the share of natural growth (+ 350 000). Notwithstanding those tendencies, arrests and readmission of illegal immigrants are constantly taking place in European countries. On the background of reaction against massive immigration European countries, having a diaspora of their own, carry out an active policy of repatriation of their over¬seas compatriots. Contemporary repatriation in Europe is juridically based not only on ethnic affiliation but on the fact that in the past the repatriated people were citizens (subjects) of the national state. On that basis repatriated people have a number of rights not given to the rest of the immigrants. In the past 10 years Germany has accepted 3 million. Germans from abroad, Greece — 150 000 Greeks from abroad, Spain — 90 000 persons holding Spanish citizenship, and 155 000 persons of Spanish origin, Portugal — over 50 000 Portuguese-speaking people, Hungary — 70 000 Hungarians from abroad, Finland — 130 000 persons of Finnish origin, etc. The aim of those countries is that the number of repatriated people should take a maximum value as compared with number of other immigrants.

  • Issue Year: 2000
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 15-33
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Bulgarian