СЛОВАРИ СУБСТАНДАРТА В ЛИНГВОЭКСПЕРТНОЙ ПРАКТИКЕ
DICTIONARIES OF SUBSTANDART LANGUAGE IN LINGVO EXPERT PRACTICE
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Новосибирский государственный педагогический университет
Keywords: Forensic linguistic examination; slang dictionaries; verbal offense.
Summary/Abstract: The article examines the use of slang dictionaries in the process of forensic linguistic ex-amination. At the same time it demonstrates the impossibility of using dictionaries of the stand-ard Russian language only for examination tasks. The paper target is to demonstrate the specif-ic usage of slang lexicography in the expert’s activities depending on the type of verbal offense. The article examines the possibility of using dictionaries of non-standard language in the frames of three types of offenses: protection of honour, dignity and business reputation, an insult to the authorities, police, judges, etc and crimes connected with the sale or manufacture of drugs. The first two cases are the most common type of verbal offenses for which the linguistic expertise is usually prescribed. But there are still some unsolved problems among legal professionals and linguists, i.e.: what can we consider as verbal insult? Does any swear word automatically be-come abusive? What is the role of context in the classification of a word as a juristic case of in-sult? This paper proposes a methodological solution to these questions, based on the authority of lexicographical sources generally recognized into the scientific community. At the same time in connection with crimes related to special jargon (for example, drug addicts’ slang), the arti-cle proves the necessity to use not only paper dictionaries, but also the electronic lexicograph-ical sources.
- Issue Year: 2015
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 41-49
- Page Count: 9
- Language: Russian