Социологически ракурси към заболеваемостта и смъртността в българското общество след 1990 г.
Author(s): Tatyana Kotzeva, Elitsa Dimitrova
Sociological Close-Up on Morbidity and Mortality after 1990 in Bulgaria
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: mortality; male extramortality; morbidity; health; social inequalities; health life styles; gender differences.
Summary/Abstract: Based on W. Cockerham’s health life style theory, the study explores the main trends in morbidity and mortality after 1990 in Bulgaria. The main focus is put on gender differences in the trends. The results show that structural determinants related to growing social inequalities, mass impoverishment and increased insecurity of socio-economic conditions has brought about negative developments in the trends of morbidity and mortality for both sexes. However, the societal restructuring has had a much more negative effect on men’s health status and longevity. The increasing mortality and morbidity is also explained by the spread of various health impairing practices such as drinking, smoking, violence and unhealthy eating. Thus, the empirical data analysed in the paper suggest that, along with the structural determinants, individual agency related to (un)healthy life styles and behaviours also significantly contributes to the growing trends in mortality and morbidity during the transition period in Bulgaria.
- Issue Year: 46/2014
- Issue No: 3-4
- Page Range: 44-66
- Page Count: 23
- Language: Bulgarian