The Anticommunist Resistance in Aiud Area.

Rezistenţa anticomunistă în zona Aiud. "Grupul Spaniol"
The Anticommunist Resistance in Aiud Area. "The Spaniol Group"

Author(s): Marius Cristea
Subject(s): History
Published by: Argonaut

Summary/Abstract: During the first years, when the communism was installing in Romania, there were an important number of anticommunist groups, activating in Alba area, due to the reliefs stucture that came in favor to this type of actions. "The Spaniol Group", such named by the Security, was indeed an active part within the anticommunist resistance phenomenon by creating a subversive-oriented organization whose members' number was pretty large. This organization, that had been organized following a legionary-structured type, was not discovered by the Security; its members were arrested for other reasons. Another characteristics of the spaniol family's dissidence also involved an armed resistance episode that was caused by the Miliţia's brutal intervention and took place in Aiud's surrounding areas. During these actions luliu Spaniol was shot by the Security, Aurelia Spaniol had a nervous breakdown caused by the inhumane treatment she had to undergo during the inquiries done by the Security in Alba-Iulia, Sibiu and Cluj. After that Ştefan Spaniol died inside the prison in Aiud, due to the hard detention conditions and repeated beatings. Other family members spent years in prisons or working camps. Spaniol Aron was arrested in 1949 and imprisoned for 5 years; Spaniol Vasile was arested in 1950 and imprisoned for 14 years though he was convicted to 7 years. Getting to know "The Spaniol Group" is important to Romanian contemporary history, even though its actions had no success, due to the combinations of circumstances that favored communisms' ascension, and it had been a taboo topic till 1989.

  • Issue Year: 2002
  • Issue No: III
  • Page Range: 193-209
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Romanian