Murders of Jews in Poland in the Years 1944-1946 Based on an Analysis of Collection 301 (Holocaust Survivors Testimonies) in the Archives of the JHI Cover Image
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Morderstwa Żydów w latach 1944-1946 na terenie Polski na podstawie kwerendy w zbiorze 301 (Relacje z Zagłady) w Archiwum ŻIH
Murders of Jews in Poland in the Years 1944-1946 Based on an Analysis of Collection 301 (Holocaust Survivors Testimonies) in the Archives of the JHI

Author(s): Magdalena Siek, Aleksandra Bańkowska, Agnieszka Jarzębowska
Subject(s): History
Published by: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny
Keywords: post-war murders; pogroms; anti-Semitism; „railway action”; Polish armed underground

Summary/Abstract: The article sums up the results of a search of the accounts of the Holocaust kept in JHI Archives on the murders of Jews which occurred on Polish lands in the first post-WWII years. The researchers came across mentions of 54 attacks. They compiles a list of the incidents and a list of the victims’ names. The incidents were analysed from the point of view of the number of victims, the nature of the assault, the perpetrators, the topography and timing of the incidents. Several types of incidents were identified: pogroms, attacks against homes inhabited by Jews, beating up of Jews travelling by train and throwing them out of trains (the so-called railway action), assaults on roads, murders of Jews trying to take back their property. In ten-odd cases the researchers believed that the attackers were members of the Polish armed underground. The violence against the Jews reached the highest intensity in the first half of 1945; the attacks ended around the end of 1945. The biggest number of such incidents occurred in the Lublin, Kielce and Rzeszów regions.

  • Issue Year: 231/2009
  • Issue No: 03
  • Page Range: 356-367
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Polish