Nagorno-Karabakh and Conflict Resolution in the Realist Tradition of IR Cover Image

Náhorní Karabach a řešení mezinárodních konfliktů podle realistické tradice
Nagorno-Karabakh and Conflict Resolution in the Realist Tradition of IR

Author(s): Ondřej Ditrych
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Ústav mezinárodních vztahů
Keywords: conflict resolution; Nagorno-Karabakh; Realism; geopolitics; Niccolo Machiavelli

Summary/Abstract: This study argues that due to a lack of attention paid to the national interest of actors in international politics the mainstream international conflict resolution studies fail in their prescriptive and descriptive aspects; particularly when conflicts are complicated by geopolitics. The case study of the long-standing conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh is used to highlight the strengths of geopolitical analysis, aimed at a proper understanding of a conflict’s causes and the identities and interests of the actors directly and indirectly involved. This understanding is a prerequisite for coordinated international action directed towards the creation of the structural conditions for peace which would lead the prime actors of the conflict to choose peaceful resolution as a means to escape the hurting stalemate situation. In the case of Nagorno-Karabakh – a conflict whose resolution has been impeded mainly by Azerbaijani and Armenian ethnic nationalism, coupled with fierce competition between the major powers in Central Eurasia – a geopolitical analysis leads to the conclusion that the key to the resolution of the conflict lies in the hands of Russia. Such a resolution therefore presupposes a redefinition of Russia’s interests, which would be based on the rational calculation that a deliberate destabilization of the South Caucasus will, in long term, hurt her interests.

  • Issue Year: 41/2006
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 27-47
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Czech