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Еволюция и социална подкрепа
Evolution and Social Support

Author(s): Irina Todorova
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The paper tries to give a theoretical explanation for the empirically observed health consequences of social support. For this purpose, we base our discussion on evolutionary theory, searching for the explanation of the need for social interaction in the adaptational advantages that social contacts provide. From such a position, natural selection chooses individuals with cooperative and altruistic behaviors. On the other hand, an emphasis on evolutionary theory and the mechanical selection of adaptable characteristics can lead to genetic determinism, for which sociobiology is criticized. In order to avoid such a reductionistic explanation of the biological effects of social support, in the second part of the paper we expand the adaptationalist explanation with a model based on self organizing systems which allows us to stress the free, active and creative role of each individual. At the same time, this systems approach gives us the opportunity to view the health consequences of social support as a result of the interaction and isomorphism between the different levels of organization of the individual.

  • Issue Year: 24/1992
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 78-88
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Bulgarian