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Urban Sprawl in Europe
Urban Sprawl in Europe

Author(s): Viktória Szirmai
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal
Keywords: urban sprawl; metropolitan regions; suburbanisation; middle class; urban planning; Budapest Agglomeration; decentralisation.

Summary/Abstract: During the 20th century, profound socio-economic changes typified the metropolitan regions of the World. One of the most outstanding alterations was the relative decentralisation of urban space, that’s visible sign is urban sprawl. The following paper intends to introduce the most significant characteristics of this specific phenomenon. Current urban processes are presented throughout both Northern American and European metropolitan regions, with special emphasis on the similarities and differences, by the help of adequate European examples (Paris, Vienna, Copenhagen, Budapest). The research is aiming to give multilateral information on suburbanisation and gentrification, moreover the recentralisation or/and decentralisation of metropolitan areas. A vaste introduction can be found in connection with the Hungarian urban planning system and procedures, especially during the Socialist Era and the Post-Socialist Period. The results of a deep research on the suburbia, suburban societies, the economic welfare of agglomeration settlements are presented concerning the Budapest Metropolitan Region, furthermore the recent effects of the world financial crisis that substantially determined.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 129-148
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Hungarian