“Tarkan” – an Honorary Title and/or an Administrative Title? Cover Image
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Титулът таркан – почетно звание и/или длъжност?
“Tarkan” – an Honorary Title and/or an Administrative Title?

Author(s): Tatyana Slavova
Subject(s): Language studies
Published by: Институт за литература - BAN

Summary/Abstract: “TARKAN” – AN HONORARY TITLE AND/OR AN ADMINISTRATIVE TITLE TATYANA SLAVOVA (SOFIA) (Summary) The article comments on the usage of the title “tarkan” and its double function in epigraphic and literary monuments from the ninth–tenth century (i.e. protoBulgarian inscriptions, Greek sources, Slavic originals and translated works). It is argued that when the title was used in post-position after another administrative / status title (e. g. ὁ βουλίας ταρκάνος, ὁ ζουπαν ταρκανος) or after an adjective (e. g. Κουλουτερκάνος, Καλουτερκάνος, Кълоутороканъ) it performed the role of an honorary title – probably accorded as a reward for specific services. However, when the same word was a part of composite titles, in post-position after a word meaning “rank” (ολγου, turk. uluγ, uluq “great, big”; ζερα, turk. yiri, yir “north, northern”; βορι, turk. böri, buri “wolf”) it accrued the function of administrative title, synonymous with a representative of the ruler of an enormous province.

  • Issue Year: 2008
  • Issue No: 39-40
  • Page Range: 30-44
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Bulgarian