Zeus/Jupiter the Thunderer in Lower Moesia and Thrace Cover Image
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Зевс/Юпитер Гръмовержец в Долна Мизия и Тракия
Zeus/Jupiter the Thunderer in Lower Moesia and Thrace

Author(s): Ivan Valchev
Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Visual Arts, History of Art
Published by: Институт за изследване на изкуствата, Българска академия на науките
Keywords: ancient religion; thunderbolt; Zbelsurdos; votive tablets; bronze statuettes

Summary/Abstract: Zeus the Thunderer is the oldest iconographic type in the representation of the supreme Olympian god. It was formed during the 7th c. BC and depicts him holding a thunderbolt in his upraised right hand, while an eagle perches on his extended left hand. However, since the beginning of the classical period, calm majestic images of Zeus were preferred, inspiring both awe and piety. The votive tablets from the Thracian lands rarely depict the Olympian in a relaxed pose holding a thunderbolt in his hand. On the other hand, among the bronze statuettes, there are almost an equal number of representations with a patera and lightning. The monuments associated with the Thracian deity Zbelsurdos prefer the image of the attacking god. The iconography of Zeus the Thunderer was expanded to include a chlamys, a serpent, and a high altar. These additions are attributed to the Thracian influence on the Indo-European god of the sky and lightning.

  • Issue Year: 2024
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 40-51
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Bulgarian