The 20th Century Wedding Dress at Samsun Metropolitan Municipality Urban Museum Cover Image

Samsun Büyük Şehir Belediyesi Kent Müzesinde Bulunan 20. Yüzyıla Ait Gelinlik Örneği
The 20th Century Wedding Dress at Samsun Metropolitan Municipality Urban Museum

Author(s): Aslıhan Turan
Subject(s): Cultural history, Customs / Folklore, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Serkan YAZICI
Keywords: North Macedonia; Samsun Urban Museum; Wedding Dress; Alla Turca; Alla Franca;

Summary/Abstract: The decline of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans after the 1912 Balkan Wars socially and economically disenfranchised the Turks living in the region, and the Ottoman Turks had to migrate to Anatolia due to the population exchange and were settled in different regions. North Macedonian immigrants to different regions in Turkey maintained their culture. One of the best examples of this fact is the wedding dress worn by a bride. This special dress was adorned with various cultural features and is unique in color, form, ornamental elements, reflecting the belief, culture and traditions of the bride. The visual identity developed by the Ottoman Turks in clothing in urban regions of North Macedonia became famous and was called Alla Turca (Turkish-Oriental), and due to the economic developments in the first quarter of the 20th century, it was replaced by the Westerm Alla Franca that became more prominent in daily clothing. Furthermore, the intercultural interaction induced by migration had a significant impact on the concept of clothing, revealing the most important cultural carrier and reflection status of clothing. Thus, it was considered that it would be culturally significant to document the original features of bridal dresses and clothing of the groups that migrated to Turkey for various reasons. Therefore, the present study aimed to present a wedding dress produced in early 20th century and exhibited at Samsun Urban Museum and analyze the material, color, decoration techniques and fabrics employed in the dress with visuals. The study also aimed to raise awareness about our cultural history and contribute to the development of references for future research.

  • Issue Year: 8/2023
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 1944-1967
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Turkish