Polyculturalism as a Positioning Strategy of Transylvanian-Saxon Literary Journals (1907 –1939) Cover Image

Polykulturalität als Positionierungsstrategie siebenbürgisch-sächsischer Literaturperiodika (1907 – 1939)
Polyculturalism as a Positioning Strategy of Transylvanian-Saxon Literary Journals (1907 –1939)

Author(s): Sofie Dobbener, Heimo Stiemer
Subject(s): Cultural history, Sociolinguistics, Nationalism Studies, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), Ethnic Minorities Studies, Theory of Literature, Identity of Collectives
Published by: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
Keywords: sociology of literature; literary journal; polyculturalism; Transylvania; quantitative analysis;

Summary/Abstract: The most important Transylvanian-Saxon literary journals of the first half of the 20th century, Die Karpathen (1907-1914) and Klingsor (1924-1939), were published in Kronstadt (rom. Brașov, hun. Brassó). Both declared their commitment to the task of cultural mediation between Hungarian, Romanian, and German ethnic groups which, at the time, made up the complex demographic structure of the city. Despite the same social and political environment, the journals operated in different spaces. While Kronstadt was part of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy before the First World War, afterwards it was part of Greater Romania, where there was an increased Nazi radicalization of German-speaking minorities in the 1930s. From a field-theoretical perspective, this paper considers how the journals positioned themselves in the context of polycultural conditions. The results are subsequently compared with a quantitative-statistical analysis of the publication history. In this way, the function of polyculturalism in their literary positioning strategies is reconstructed both on a rhetorical and a publication-practical level.

  • Issue Year: 4/2023
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 143-160
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: German