Author(s): Peter Bučka
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Ústav etnológie a sociálnej antropológie Slovenskej akadémie vied
Keywords: Jews; sport; life in associations; national self-awareness

Summary/Abstract: One of the expressions of a growth in national self-awareness of the Jewish ethnic group was the foundation of physical education bodies and sports clubs at the beginning of the 20th century. In Hungaria this process was notably limited by the nationa - lities policy of the ruling circles, which did not permit the emergence of any social organisations which were non-Hungarian. One of the few acknowledged exceptions was the German minority in Bratislava. Jews were perceived as a part of this national minority, and so in 1912 they were permitted to establish a sports club, whose functional language would be German. The club was to experience dynamic growth after the formation of the first Czechoslovak Republic, when Jews were recognised as a legitimate national minority with the right to autonomous development in the areas of schooling and culture. During the interwar period the ŠK Makkabea Bratislava Sports Club took shape as a leading sports club, and through the efforts of its functionaries the activities of the Jewish Physical Education and Sporting Community for Czecho - slovakia were developed to a notable degree within Slovakia. The activity of ŠK Makkabea Bratislava (originally ŠK Makkabea Pressburg), the centenary of whose foundation we commemorate this year, was de facto brought to an end by the loss of club premises after acceptance of the Munich dictate, on the basis of which Petržalka was ceded to Germany. Legally the club was dissolved on October 8, 1940, following publication of the decree of the Interior Ministry, which according to § 3 of the govern ment decisions of the Slovak Republic on September 26, 1940, No. 234 Sl.z., dissolved Jewish associations and organisations.

  • Issue Year: 60/2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 175-186
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Slovak