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The Holocaust in the Contemporary Baltic States: International Relations, Politics, and Education
The Holocaust in the Contemporary Baltic States: International Relations, Politics, and Education

Author(s): Doyle Stevick
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institutul National pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romania ELIE WIESEL
Keywords: Holocaust education; international partnerships; cross-cultural curriculum work; education policy

Summary/Abstract: For a variety of historical and cultural reasons, many societies across Central and Eastern Europe have not embraced the history of the Holocaust as it is understood in Western Europe and the U.S. and Israel, nor have they incorporated it substantively in their education systems, textbooks, and curricula. This article reviews the shared historical experiences of the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania during the Second World War and the Soviet period and considers how those shaped contemporary perspectives and attitudes in the region. Using data from cross-cultural exchanges between Estonians and foreign advocates of Holocaust education, the article shows that distrust exists around evidence gathered or disseminated by the Soviets and about perceived inconsistencies in the pursuit of justice. It finally compares two approaches to foreign engagement in the Holocaust, one rooted in power that was counterproductive and one rooted in dialogue that seems more promising.

  • Issue Year: IV/2012
  • Issue No: 05
  • Page Range: 87-103
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: English