World models in formalized systems of theodicy Cover Image

World models in formalized systems of theodicy
World models in formalized systems of theodicy

Author(s): Edward Nieznański
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Keywords: formal theodicy; proofs of God's existence; concepts of God

Summary/Abstract: The article illustrates various images of the world described by selected formalized systems of theodicy. The first of the formalizations discussed reconstruct the argument ‘ex motu’ and present reality as a finite chain of the relation of moving. They also indicate the existence of ‘primum movens’ or ‘movens immobile’. The idea of a chain was questioned by Francesca Rivetti-Barbo, who regarded the coherence axiom in the relation of moving as false. Peter Geach suggested, however, that the relation of becoming of the later material world from the previous ones was total. This relation is a chain. Korneliusz Policki advocated the view that the world is a partial order of the relation of moving. Also, he used the Kuratowski-Zorn lemma in proving the existence of ‘primum movens immobile’. Rivetti-Barbo and Ivo Thomas viewed the world as a multiplicative quasi half–lattice. Kurt Gödel assumed that the world is Boolean algebra, in which the generator of the ultrafilter of positive attributes is ‘summum bonum’. Finally, there were formalizations presenting Leibniz’ world which is governed by the principle of the sufficient reason of being.

  • Issue Year: 47/2011
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 89-96
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: English