The State of Public Sector Institution Strategic Planning and Preconditions for its Improvement Cover Image

Viešojo sektoriaus institucijų strateginio planavimo būklė ir jos gerinimo prielaidos
The State of Public Sector Institution Strategic Planning and Preconditions for its Improvement

Author(s): Živilė Tunčikienė, Ilona Skačkauskienė
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Mykolas Romeris University
Keywords: institution; strategic planning; implementation of strategic tasks; financing; appropriations

Summary/Abstract: This article examines the state of strategic planning and the assumptions for its improvement in the public sector of the country. Strategic planning in the public sector is a legally regulated and formalised process consisting of a complex chain of interconnected elements, from strategic analysis to the monitoring of implementation of the action plan. The elements of this process are linked by the search of a solution for rational allocation of financial resources. The solution of the main strategic planning tasks is based on the financing requirement programmes of the institutions, including the implementation of strategic goals. The analysis of the issues of strategic planning in the institutions tends to concentrate on the individual aspects of the process, however, such analysis of separate elements, and not the analysis of them as a whole, gives no opportunity to actually ensure the effectiveness of the strategic planning process. The aim of this research is to make a thorough analysis of the elements of strategic planning and to provide assumptions for improvement of this process in the public sector. In this study, the methods of systematic and logical analysis as well as methods of synthesis, analogy and comparison were applied. Legal regulation of strategic planning enables ensuring the flexibility of strategic planning in an institution without restricting the institution in its choice of its internal factors and the schemes of problem solving according to the situation, as well as specific problem solving methods. In order to ensure a more rational and effective strategic planning in an institution, those measures are not enough. The legal provisions set common strategic planning principles of the institutions and these principles are not elaborated at the level of separate strategic planning functions in the institutions. Solving strategic planning tasks of an institution based on separate principles and not on them as a whole does not allow legitimately determining possibilities of the compatibility of the activity of an institution with its environment, effectively using such possibilities and developing them in a targeted way. Such planning is not meaningful as a measure to justify the needed budget funds, as well as their effective distribution and rational use. Such methodology of strategic planning, which is based on a fragmented view, is not a sufficiently authoritative landmark that would indicate the most relevant directions of long-term development of activity of a public sector institution and well-founded means and methods of their implementation. In order to ensure efficient planning of the activity of a public sector institution, based on perspective, it is important to comprehend the need to apply strategic planning principles as a whole and to envisage their implementation specifics at the level of every function of effective strategic planning.

  • Issue Year: 4/2012
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 97-110
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Lithuanian