Transportul feroviar si globalizarea

Author(s): Ion Stancu, Adriana Lăzărescu
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Editura Universitaria Craiova
Keywords: development; globalization; transport; competition; delocalization; supplying.

Summary/Abstract: Since the end of World War II, the transport sector has not ceased to grow, accompanying the economic development of the Old Continent in the past twenty-five years, by practically doubling its activity. Due to some interacting effects of change arisen in the activity evolution, such as the opening of the common market and the adoption of common currency, this powerful and continuous growth can only accelerate… After the maritime transportation, the railroad is considered to be the second important means of transportation, considering the number of tons/km which has varied around the value of 7000 billion tkm for more than one decade. The global railroad tonnage load is approximately of 8 billion tons and the average distance covered per ton is of 875 km. This means an average transit strongly influenced by the traffic of high tonnages and on large distances in vast networks, like the ones in the United States, China and Russia. The globalization of trade places the logistics flow management as a main concern for companies. A perfect supervising and a permanent exchange of information about the load transit provide the industrial companies’ reactivity, a guarantee of their competition. The globalization of supplying, production delocalization, the faster and faster information exchange, the more and more complex and crossed flows, are becoming classic parameters in management for logistics providers. Therefore, their industrial clients can, for instance, have their parts made in China, supply electronic components from Taiwan, assembly everything at Dunkerque and distribute finite products all over Europe.

  • Issue Year: XXXVI/2008
  • Issue No: 7
  • Page Range: 3169-3175
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: English