Laws in Cicero’s Ideal State Cover Image

Цицерон о законах идеального государства
Laws in Cicero’s Ideal State

Author(s): Arina Bragova
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence
Published by: Новосибирский государственный университет
Keywords: Rome; natural law; legal rules; justice; equality

Summary/Abstract: Formulating the juridical component of his ideal state in the dialogue De legibus Cicero combines Greek legal theory and Roman state activity. He sees the law as a supreme ratio inherent in the nature, which allows people to do what ought to be done and to refrain from the opposite. It is justice that can be found at the core of law, but (contrary to the sophistic tradition) – justice available to every citizen, not exclusively to the rulers, since only this sort of law guarantees equal treatment to all Roman citizens. Justice and equality are deeply rooted in civil virtues reflected in Roman tradition, an unwritten law of divine origin (that is why religious laws have to be most strictly observed). Examples given in the article show how Cicero uses these theoretical premises in his discussion of some legal acts related to the imperium of magistrates and the function of the tribunate.

  • Issue Year: IV/2010
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 32-41
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Russian