Young Women’s Actions in the Prevention of Breast Cancer Cover Image

Działania młodych kobiet podejmowane w ramach profilaktyki raka piersi
Young Women’s Actions in the Prevention of Breast Cancer

Author(s): Kinga Żurawska vel Dziurawiec, Małgorzata Pabiś, Ewa Buczko
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Health and medicine and law
Published by: VERBUM - vydavateľstvo Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku
Keywords: Prevention; Breast cancer

Summary/Abstract: Introduction. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s data shows that on average 41.8 per 100 thousand Polish women died in 2020 of breast cancer. According to WHO data in 2021, breast cancer was the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world - over two decades, the number of cases has increased from 10 to 19.3 million. In 2020, over 2.3 million women were diagnosed with this disease, and over 635,000 women died of breast cancer. Aim. The aim of the study is to show specific preventive actions taken by young women to prevent breast cancer. Material and method. The study was conducted by survey method using a proprietary survey questionnaire, in the spring of 2021 via the Internet (self-completion form at a publicly available Internet address). 109 women aged 20-40 were included in the study. The obtained results of the study were subjected to statistical analysis. The values of the analyzed parameters were presented using counts and percentages. The relationships between the variables was checked by means of the Chi-square test. A significance level of p <0.05 was adopted, indicating the existence of statistically significant differences or relationships. Results. Almost half of the respondents (49.54%) had a sufficient level of knowledge about risk factors and breast cancer prevention. Only 4.99% of the respondents had a good level of knowledge. 45.87% of the respondents had an insufficient level of knowledge. None of the respondents scored the maximum number of points for good answers. The respondents overestimated their knowledge of risk factors and breast cancer prevention. Over 40% of them rated their knowledge good / very good, which was not confirmed in our study. Age, marital status, education, type of work, financial situation differentiated respondents in their knowledge of risk factors and breast cancer prevention.

  • Issue Year: XIV/2022
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 57-60
  • Page Count: 4
  • Language: Polish
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