ALTERITY, FACTICITY AND FOUNDATION OF FINITE FREEDOM IN LEVINAS. A COMPARISON WITH FICHTE Cover Image

ALTERITÄT, FAKTIZITÄT UND STIFTUNG DER ENDLICHEN FREIHEIT BEI LEVINAS. EIN VERGLEICH MIT FICHTE
ALTERITY, FACTICITY AND FOUNDATION OF FINITE FREEDOM IN LEVINAS. A COMPARISON WITH FICHTE

Author(s): GIULIO MARCHEGIANI
Subject(s): Philosophical Traditions, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, German Idealism, Phenomenology
Published by: Издательство Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета
Keywords: recognition; intersubjectivity; sameness; subjectivity; transcendence; finitude; freedom; Levinas; Fichte;

Summary/Abstract: Starting with the emphasis that Levinas puts on the role of otherness in the constitution of subjective dimension, this paper discusses how the articulation of this process and the consequences that derive from it recall specifically Fichtean themes. Although the relation between Levinas and Fichte has not been thoroughly examined in the literature yet, it can nevertheless be shown that themes such as the “call” of the subject from the outside, from the unattainable dimension of an otherness irreducible to any immanence and the factual and finite character of its correlative freedom can be understood by reference to the categories that Fichte develops in his texts on law and morals. The reference to Fichte, who already in his considerations on the Wissenschaftslehre recognizes an external Ansto. as determining the reality of the subject, will allows to elucidate the fundamental structure of Levinas’ thought. Particular attention is paid in Levinas to the belonging of otherness to an immemorial past, which in the impossibility of being traced back to the presence of consciousness finds the guarantee of its radical transcendence. Thus, another temporal (or rather, extra-temporal) dimension is configured which also in Fichte refers to an “exteriority” that cannot be assumed by the subject, but only ascertained a posteriori, hence its factual character. Through an interpretation of the fundamental meaning that the primacy of otherness over sameness has in Levinas and the attempt to reflect this relationship through the reference to similar Fichtean motifs, it becomes clearer that the basic meaning of a radical thought of otherness does not cancel the sameness of subject, but on the contrary allows to found it by connecting it to its constitutive, unavoidable heteronomy.

  • Issue Year: 11/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 73-92
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: German