Fictional identities of Cindy Sherman and Sophie Calle Cover Image

Identités fictives de Cindy Sherman et de Sophie Calle
Fictional identities of Cindy Sherman and Sophie Calle

Author(s): Katarzyna Kotowska
Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Film / Cinema / Cinematography
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Keywords: mask; masquerade; fake identity; Sophie Calle; Cindy Sherman

Summary/Abstract: In this paper we confront the issue of masquerade in chosen works of contemporary artists Cindy Sherman and Sophie Calle. Referring to Joan Riviere's (1929) statement that femininity is a masquerade, we examine the fictional embodiments of the mentioned artists in which the mask not only conceals but also reveals reality. The artistic and literary corpus is composed as follows: Cindy Sherman (Untilted Film Stills 1977, Society portraits (2008) and Flappers (2016-18)); Sophie Calle (La filature (1981), Les histoires vraies (2002) and Prenez soin de vous (2007)). Following the analysis of the artists' projects and their autobiographical or semiautobiographical approaches, we come to reveal the reversal of the techniques used by the artists. It means that Sherman, like the film stills, captures a moment and immobilizes it; Calle, for her part, gives life to the events that she provokes. However, in both cases the masks they wear, the fictitious identities that the artists embody, contribute to revisit the codes of the time we live in.

  • Issue Year: 2021
  • Issue No: 28
  • Page Range: 162-194
  • Page Count: 33
  • Language: French