“Judeo-Communism” in the Power Apparatus of “People’s Poland”. Myth or Reality? Cover Image

„Żydokomuna” w aparacie władzy „Polski Ludowej”. Mit czy rzeczywistość?
“Judeo-Communism” in the Power Apparatus of “People’s Poland”. Myth or Reality?

Author(s): Mirosław Szumiło
Subject(s): Political history, Political behavior, Politics and society, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Post-War period (1950 - 1989), History of Communism, History of Antisemitism, Ethnic Minorities Studies
Published by: Instytut Pamięci Narodowej
Keywords: myth of a “Jewish Communism”; apparatus of communist power; “People’s Poland“; Jewish minority;

Summary/Abstract: The quantitative and qualitative participation of communist Jews in the power apparatus of “People’s Poland” was exceptionally large, and in some segments (the central party apparatus, secret police, propaganda) even dominating. Jewish minority enjoyed autonomy and relative privileges in Poland. It was in fact a mapping of the situation from the Soviet Union of the twenties. The purpose of this article is to summarise the results of research on the involvement of Jews in the apparatus of communist authorities in Poland so far, based on scientific and source publications, and partly the author’s own research in this area. The article reminds us of the myth of “Judeo-Communism” (żydokomuna) in the power apparatus of “People’s Poland”, where it came from and what was its influence on anti-Semitic attitudes in Polish society. Next, the number and influence of Jews in the structures of the communist authorities in the Stalinist period and in the times of Gomułka is characterised with particular emphasis on the security apparatus. It also looks into the reasons for such involvement of Jewish on the communist side and their promotion in the power apparatus, and the problem of their national identity. The article is an attempt to verify the myth, i.e. to determine how much it coincided with reality.

  • Issue Year: 32/2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 27-60
  • Page Count: 34
  • Language: Polish