Images of the reader in contemporary Bulgarian literature: liberal individuals, patriots of genre and angry People Cover Image
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Образи на читатели в съвременната българската литература: между либерални индивиди, жанрови патриоти и ядосан Народ
Images of the reader in contemporary Bulgarian literature: liberal individuals, patriots of genre and angry People

Author(s): Aleksander Kiossev
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Studies of Literature, Bulgarian Literature, Theory of Literature, Sociology of Literature
Published by: Институт за литература - BAN
Keywords: Reading; reader; reader in the text; implicit reader; text program; control; freedom; interpretive amplitude; reading competencies; genre rules

Summary/Abstract: The preliminary results from the study „Reading Practices in Bulgaria: The Implicit Reader in the Text“ identified different images of readers and readership, produced by various Bulgarian literary and media works. In spite of the genre convergence between the so-called „high“ and the so-called „popular“ literature, it was found that „high“ works leave more space for reader navigation and interpretation and open more free spaces for a wide range of different readers. On the other hand, popular literature has proven to be much more controlling and guiding. It allows its implicit reader some complex and specialized competencies, but only as far as the levels of genre are concerned. On the other hand, the popular texts expect significantly less from their reader what concerns other abilities: reading verbal and style registers, ability to understand complex metaphors and symbolic motifs, understanding of character building and conflicts. The text expectations toward the reader. What concerns philosophical and axeological levels in popular readings, the text expectations are especially modest: such works often presuppose a one-sided patriotic consensus among their audiences. As for the small number of media texts of scandalous journalists that were analyzed in the frame of the collective study, they model a similar patriotic audience, yet, in a state of anger and emotional excess. In parallel with this „state of emergency“ of communication, media texts model a clear hierarchy between the undisputed authority of their charismatic authors and the supposedly silent, admiring readers, merging into a homogeneous and emotional audience of like-minded people (implicit image of „the angry People“, construed by the media text).

  • Issue Year: 65/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 90-115
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Bulgarian