Potential sources of foreign language learning boredom: A Q methodology study Cover Image

Potential sources of foreign language learning boredom: A Q methodology study
Potential sources of foreign language learning boredom: A Q methodology study

Author(s): Mariusz Kruk, Mirosław Pawlak, Majid Elahi Shirvan, Tahereh Taherian, Elham Yazdanmehr
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Wojskowe Biuro Historyczne im. gen. broni Kazimierza Sosnkowskiego
Keywords: foreign language learning boredom (FLLB); Q methodology, teacher-induced boredom; student-induced boredom; activity-induced boredom

Summary/Abstract: The present study employed an interpretive approach to investigate individual learners’ viewpoints on foreign language learning boredom (FLLB). To this aim, a Q method, which shares features of both qualitative and quantitative research approaches, was used to explore 37 Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ perceptions of potential sources of boredom in the classroom. Nonprobability purposeful sampling was used to select participants from two private language institutes in Mashhad, Iran. A hybrid-type Q sampling was employed to produce 40 statements related to the sources of FLLB. Using PQ Method, an exclusive statistical package for Q methodology, the Q sorts were intercorrelated and factor-analyzed. Three factors were extracted and rotated using varimax rotation and hand adjustment. Factor arrays and qualitative analyses were utilized to find and interpret three different accounts of FLLB. The three factors showed that the students held three divergent prototypical points of view about the sources of boredom experienced in EFL learning in class: (a) teacher-induced boredom, (b) student-induced boredom, and (c) activity-induced boredom. The findings also showed that different learner prototypes experience FLLB distinctly. Thus teachers should consider using different strategies to prevent or reduce this negative emotion in the context of L2 learning since otherwise this process could be impeded.

  • Issue Year: 12/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 37-58
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: English