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Философията на модернизма в архитектурата на БАУХАУС
The Philosophy of Modernism in Bauhaus Architecture

Author(s): Iskra Dandolova
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, History, Philosophy, Social Sciences, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Architecture, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Sociology, Recent History (1900 till today), Welfare systems, Rural and urban sociology, Welfare services, Sociology of Art
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: modernism; residential complexes; restitution of “agricultural lands” in the complexes; degradation of residential complexes; anti-modernism

Summary/Abstract: After 1989, the construction of industrially built residential blocks in residential complexes in Sofia was stopped. Until then, for two or three decades, they were the most important production for the construction of residential buildings in the capital according to the principles of modernism. Thousands of homeless people eagerly awaited them to be sheltered. Confusion ensued after the political changes in 1989, when attempts were made to implement the laws on the restitution of agricultural land within the complexes, despite the fact that these were “projects with implementation” and according to the Restitution Law no changes could be made there. The complexes, as well as the other constructions in progress, only had to be completed according to their designs. But it did not happen. In many places, “illegal restitution” of private agricultural land has begun, as well as spontaneous “privatization” of municipal and state lands and new construction in violation of the projects for the development of residential complexes. Their physical and social environment has changed radically and as a result the quality of life in them has deteriorated sharply. Thirty years after 1989, the residential complexes of Sofia have dramatically moved away from the principles of modernism and are almost everywhere in spatial and social degradation. An intensive process of anti-modernism is under way. Only recently the Sofia Municipality decided to introduce a policy to improve the living conditions of citizens in these territories – will it be able to realize and develop it and is it not too late?

  • Issue Year: XXXI/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 64-111
  • Page Count: 48
  • Language: Bulgarian