The „Catechesis Trial” in light of the files of the Secret Police (Securitate). Cluj, 1958-1959 Cover Image
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„Procesul catehizaţiei” în lumina dosarelor Securităţii. Cluj, 1958-1959
The „Catechesis Trial” in light of the files of the Secret Police (Securitate). Cluj, 1958-1959

Author(s): Grigorie Benea
Subject(s): History of Church(es), Post-War period (1950 - 1989)
Published by: Renaşterea Cluj
Keywords: Liviu Galaction Munteanu; Ioan Bunea; catechesis; the Orthodox Church; the communist Regime;

Summary/Abstract: In the communist era, religious education was a continuing cause of tension and conflict between the atheistic political regime and the Church. In order to compensate for the removal of religion from state education, the Church tried to develop a systematic program of catechesis for children and young people within the churches, but this endeavor also met the opposition of the authorities. The climax of this conflict was the well-known “catechization process” in Cluj, when the protagonists were rev. Liviu Galaction Munteanu, administrative vicar of the Diocese of Cluj, and rev. Ioan Bunea, professor at the Orthodox Theological Seminary in Cluj. Being „guilty” of making an ‘analytical program’ for the catechism for the students, the two were arrested and condemned in 1959, rev. Liviu Galaction Munteanu dying as martyr in Aiud prison, and rev. Ioan Bunea spending five years in harsh imprisonment and hard labor. The article tries to capture the unfolding of the events and the mechanisms underlying the process, its sources being the archives of the former Securitate, as well as various papers published on this subject.

  • Issue Year: XI/2017
  • Issue No: 11
  • Page Range: 84-102
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Romanian