Ethnic Differences in Reproductive Behaviour in Transylvania Cover Image

A reproduktív magatartás etnikai különbségei Erdélyben
Ethnic Differences in Reproductive Behaviour in Transylvania

Author(s): Tamás Kiss
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Social Sciences, Sociology, Family and social welfare, Ethnic Minorities Studies
Published by: Nemzetpolitikai Kutatóintézet
Keywords: reproductiv behavior;family formation;fertility;Roma-non-Roma population;

Summary/Abstract: The paper focuses on ethnic differences of reproductive behavior and family formation in the ethnically diverse region of Transylvania, Romania. It relies on 10% public use samples of the 1977, 1992, 2002 and 2011 Romanian censuses published by the Minnesota Population Center in the framework of the IPUMS International project. Based on these data sources micro-level multivariate analysis has become possible. A linear regression model is at the core of our discussion. This investigates the factors determining the level of fertility of women between 30–49. The paper is connected to one of the classic questions of the literature on ethnic differences of reproductive behavior, namely the weight of structural vs. cultural factors in explaining fertility disparities. According to our results, structural factors also determine to a great extent reproductive behavior in Transylvania. Nevertheless ethnicity (as a residual category) remains also significant. Fertility differences between Roma and non-Roma are more significant and there are no signs of convergence in time. In the case of Transylvanian Hungarians, minority status seems to affect childbearing negatively, however differences are far less pronounced compared to the differences between Roma-non-Roma populations.

  • Issue Year: 4/2019
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 51-75
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: Hungarian