Ukrainian innovative development: problems and paradoxes Cover Image

Інноваційний розвиток України: проблеми та парадокси
Ukrainian innovative development: problems and paradoxes

Author(s): L. I. Fedulova
Subject(s): National Economy, Regional Geography, Economic development
Published by: Переяслав-Хмельницький державний педагогічний університет імені Григорія Сковороди
Keywords: innovative development; 4.0 industry; national innovation system;

Summary/Abstract: Relevance of the research. Today's rapid global development is due to the latest technological changes brought about by another (fourth) industrial revolution, which opens up a window of opportunities for many countries to realize their intellectual potential and thus enhance their competitiveness. The innovative imperative, together with the government inclusive policy, remains a key driver of socio-economic growth and sustainable development. The subject of the research is innovative processes in Ukraine and factors that influence their course in the context of implementing the state innovation policy. The purpose of this article is to identify characteristic tendencies of the innovative development of Ukraine, to justify the identified problems and factors of influence, as well as to work out recommendations concerning directions for increasing the effectiveness of innovation policy in the implementation of socio-economic objectives, approved by the authorities. Methodology of work – the principles of innovation theories and economic growth; concepts of open innovation, innovative systems, 4.0-industry; the principles of the scientific and technological paradigm. The state of some innovation indicators has been assessed with the help of statistical analysis. Based on a systematic approach the problems of innovative development of Ukraine have been identified. Structuring and synthesis methods were used to develop proposals for strengthening the role of the innovation factor in ensuring economic growth. The results of the work are the following: the state of innovation processes in Ukraine is carried out and assessed, problems are identified and paradoxes are characterized – all that which makes the realization of the set goals of the state innovation policy more complicated and requires the development of measures to create a new model of the national innovation system. Conclusions. The negative phenomena in the sphere of innovation activity pose a threat to the economic and technological security of Ukraine, which requires urgent actions by both the senior political leadership of the state and the executive authorities at all levels. The creation of the innovative system based on the use of market mechanisms and the state active scientific, technological and innovation policy should be the basis for the development of knowledge-based sectors, their long-term competitiveness within the national borders and in the world markets.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 44
  • Page Range: 42-49
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Ukrainian