Ukrainian Cossacks of the XVII-XVIII Centuries as an Ethnocultural Community Cover Image

Феномен українського козацтва як етнокультурної спільності
Ukrainian Cossacks of the XVII-XVIII Centuries as an Ethnocultural Community

Author(s): Victoriia Mykolayivna Pishchanska
Subject(s): Cultural history, Ethnohistory, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Sociology of Culture, 17th Century, 18th Century
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: Ukrainian Cossacks; spiritual culture; ethnocultural; Cossack spirituality;

Summary/Abstract: The purpose of the article is to investigate the phenomenon of Ukrainian Cossacks from the angle of one of the subsystems of the development of civilization – cultural one – and the criteria of its reception. The methodology of the research is to apply analytical, comparative and axiological methods, as well as to use the systemic, historical and cultural approaches of theoretical cultural studies in the study of the functioning of ethno-cultural values. Scientific novelty is revealed in the analysis of factors that influenced on the formation of the Cossack spirituality and, in particular, the ideological and mental paradigmatic of the phenomenon of the Cossacks within the framework of the Ukrainian ethnic culture of the XVII-XVIII centuries. Conclusions. The study found that through the synthesis of ethnocultural traditions and baroque innovations, through philosophical and religious, mental and psychological, spiritual and aesthetic interactions, Cossack spirituality is transforming in the self-awareness of spiritual culture into a new cultural paradigm based on a syncretic combination of religion and aesthetics. It is noted in the article that the Ukrainian Cossacks in the history of Ukraine have left a mark not only as a powerful military, a great political and significant social force, but also extremely valuable is its contribution to the religious identification of the Ukrainian nation and in the baroque design of the spiritual culture of theXVII–XVIII centuries, the ideological, the religious and aesthetic principles of which cannot be separated from the Ukrainian ethnic history.