Some Original Views of Dritero Agolli in his Diploma Thesis on Migjeni Cover Image
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Disa mendime origjinale të Dritëro Agollit në një tezë diplome për Migjenin
Some Original Views of Dritero Agolli in his Diploma Thesis on Migjeni

Author(s): Shaban Sinani
Subject(s): Cultural history, Political Philosophy, History of ideas, Political history, Recent History (1900 till today), Albanian Literature, Fascism, Nazism and WW II
Published by: Qendra e Studimeve Albanologjike
Keywords: Dritero Agolli; Albanian literature; Migjeni; Albanian revolutionary writer; diploma thesis; Communist Party Manifesto; politics; Nietzsche; fascism;

Summary/Abstract: The sketches and the stories of the Albanian revolutionary writer Migjeni by D. Agolli is the first monograph devoted to Migjeni, written as a diploma thesis in Russian in 1957. While evaluating the literary groups in Albania in the 1930s, the author sees Migjeni and Mitrush Kuteli in opposition to each-other. For him, even Ali Asllani and Kristo Floqi are idealizers of life, as they present the village as a quiet corner, where you can hear the flow of the streams and where the robins start their song. Debating on the view that the phantoms created from the darkness in Migjeni’s famous sketch “The Phantom”, are the black shadows of fascism, or that the phantom refers to the imperialism, apparently under the influence of the Communist Party Manifesto, he claims that the phantom in this sketch is the Soviet Union and comunism. In the research into Migjeni’s sketches, The story of One of Them is compared to Ch. Baudelaire’s La prostitution sacre and even to Jean-Paul Sartre’s La putain respectueuse. D. Agolli asserts that The story of One of Them is influenced by Guy de Maupassant (comparing with Boule de suif novelle), and it is also part of the author’s originality of the work. D. Agolli disagrees with the view that Nietzsche and Dostoyevsky have equally influenced Migjeni, because Nietzsche’s ideas reduce the quality of his work, while those of Dostoyevsky exalt him. D. Agolli is the first to draw a comparison at the discourse level between The Shapes of the Superman and a fragment of F. Nietzsche’s Thus spoke Zarathustra. In the novel The student is back home, D. Agolli thinks that the West is satanized because of fascist and Nazi threat as a world threat, and elsewhere for its anti-Sovietism. His opinion on Migjen’s anti-Western criticism remains a bit blurry: Was he critical of the Nazi-fascist threat that came from the West or even to Western civilization? The Myth of the West would be dominant in Migjeni, despite the phenomena that were criticized by him.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 03-04
  • Page Range: 27-35
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Albanian