60 Years of Cross-border Cooperation in Europe: Reconciliation, Re-unification, Reconstruction and Rescaling Cover Image
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60 Years of Cross-border Cooperation in Europe: Reconciliation, Re-unification, Reconstruction and Rescaling
60 Years of Cross-border Cooperation in Europe: Reconciliation, Re-unification, Reconstruction and Rescaling

Author(s): Nico GROENENDIJK
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Geography, Regional studies, Regional Geography, Political Sciences, Governance
Published by: Editura Universitatii din Oradea
Keywords: Cross-border cooperation; Cohesion policy; European Union; European integration; multi-level governance;

Summary/Abstract: . Since the late 1950s, regional local and local authorities in Europe have become involved in cross-border cooperation schemes, with the European Commission and the Council of Europe as main driving actors. Especially over the last decade, cross-border cooperation, both within Europe and at its external borders, has been booming.Cross-border cooperation can be initiated for a number of reasons. Based on literature review, this paper presents a contextual model which includes four main drivers or rationales for cross-border cooperation: reconciliation, re-unification, reconstruction and re-scaling. This typology is based on two dimensions. First, we look at the extent to which cross-border cooperation is instrumental (aiming at problem solving) or normative (i.e. addressing identity issues). Secondly, cross-border cooperation different, depending on how much it questions and challenges existing borders and governance structures. This results in four contexts for cross-border cooperation.Cross-border cooperation for re-scaling involves instrumental cross-border cooperation, which is additional to the existing structures and often limited in scope. Cross-border cooperation for reconstruction is a type of cross-border cooperation, which has a broader (multi-purpose) scope, challenges existing structures and intends to replace them. Cross-border cooperation for reconciliation aims at establishing good ‘neighbourly´ relations between regions with separate identities, within existing governance structures, and is often also limited in scope. Cross-border cooperation for re-unification is politically driven, aiming at doing away with borders that divide regions with shared identities, and intending to replace them with new comprehensive structures.

  • Issue Year: 26/2018
  • Issue No: 26
  • Page Range: 87-96
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: English