Intelligentsia — A Basic Factor of the Great Russian Revolution Cover Image

Интеллигенция — базовый фактор великой русской революции
Intelligentsia — A Basic Factor of the Great Russian Revolution

Author(s): Sergey Vladimirovich Holyaev
Subject(s): Civil Society, History of ideas, Political history, Social history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Ивановский государственный университет
Keywords: intelligentsia; revolution; serfdom; Nicholas I; Alexander III; Nicholas II; Bolsheviks;

Summary/Abstract: The article shows the activity of intelligentsia fighting for coming to power in Russia throughout almost the whole century. Noted is the regularity of its emergence since the imperial power needed allies for fight against the conservative nobility for cancellation of the serfdom. However the new social community differently apprehended the mission, having come to a conclusion that the main opponent of progress in the country is the Supreme power. Revolution of 1917 didn't become intelligentsia's celebration since it didn't manage to find a common language with national bottoms. Their conflict put Russia on a side of accident which it was succeeded to avoid thanks to coming to power of the Bolsheviks entering a peripheral part of intelligentsia. It seemed that now intelligentsia will stop existence, but Bolsheviks allocated it the significant place in the structure of the state. Ideas of the intelligentsia as the moral leader of society become mass during the Soviet period. The transformation which happened to the intelligentsia didn't change the main thing — oppositional orientation of its thoughts.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 23-35
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Russian