The disposal of the Italian Fleet after the World War Two: The Case of Yugoslavia Cover Image

Подела италијанске ратне флоте након Другог светског рата. Случај Југославије
The disposal of the Italian Fleet after the World War Two: The Case of Yugoslavia

Author(s): Miljan Milkić
Subject(s): Military history, Political history, International relations/trade, Military policy, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Institut za strategijska istraživanja
Keywords: Peace contract; warships; Four-Force Maritime Commission; Yugoslavia; Italy; Italian fleet; The Second World War; Paris Peace Treaty;

Summary/Abstract: The disposal of the fleet was one of obligation that Italy has accepted by signing the Paris Peace Treaty on 10 February 1947 Italy was obliged to place at the disposal a total number of 162 different types of ships to United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, France, Greece, Albania and Yugoslavia. The ships were to be given within three months from the entry into force of the Peace Treaty and to be fully armed and equipped. Determination of the amount and terms of delivery was entrusted to the Four-Power Naval Commission which consisted of representatives of United States, Great Britain, France and Soviet Union. Commission worked from 11 February 1947 to 9 May 1949. During this period, members of the Commission in consultation with their governments, mediate in conducting direct negotiations between the Italian government and governments that are supposed to receive the Italian ships. Political problems began to appear in this period between the Soviet Union and Western countries influenced the work of the Commission. Various concessions made by American and British governments led to a reduction in the number of ships that Italy had to deliver. In July 1948 the number of ships was reduced to 107. At the same time, only two ships were delivered. Warnings that the Italian government received from the American and British government, as well as the protests of Soviet, French, Greek, Yugoslav and Albanian governments, have affected Italy to begin delivery the ships since the autumn of 1948. During the preparation of the peace conference, Yugoslavia requested to receive a total number of 48 different ships. Pursuant on the decision of the Council of Foreign Ministers on 12 July 1946 Yugoslavia was supposed to receive 18 different ships. During August and September 1948, Yugoslavia received seven minesweepers. By signing the agreement with Yugoslavia on 14 April 1949, Italy has promised nine more ships.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 88-110
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Serbian