Relationships between the centre and the periphery of common nouns Cover Image

Ke slovotvorbě proprií z hlediska centra a periferie
Relationships between the centre and the periphery of common nouns

Author(s): Pavel Štěpán
Subject(s): Theoretical Linguistics
Published by: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, Vydavatelství
Keywords: onomastics; proper names; common nouns; centre; periphery; parasystem; suffixes;

Summary/Abstract: The paper deals with the relationships between the centre and the periphery of common nouns, on the one hand, and the centre and the periphery of proper names, on the other hand. It is based on the fact that, though proper names represent the periphery of the vocabulary, on the word-formation level of the language they create a distinctive, specific subsystem (usually referred to as a parasystem). Within the proper-name subsystem we can thus distinguish between the proper-name centre and the proper-name periphery. The relationships between the centre and the periphery of common nouns, on the one hand, and the centre and the periphery of proper names, on the other hand, are not straightforward: a number of word-formation means (typically suffixes) that are peripheral in common nouns (or even completely absent) occupy a central position in the word-formation system of proper names; this applies both to anoikonyms and hypocoristics. In chrematonyms, the formation of acronyms belongs to the central modes of word-formation; clipping can be also found here. Abbreviation is typical for hypocoristics, while derivation from abbreviated bases is found both in hypocoristics and in anoikonyms.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 39-46
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Czech