The man of speech in the context of culture (To the question of some basic roles connected with the sacral center) Cover Image
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Човекът на словото в контекста на културата (Към въпроса за някои основни роли, свързани със сакралния център)
The man of speech in the context of culture (To the question of some basic roles connected with the sacral center)

Author(s): Gatya Simeonova
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: In its quality of primary modeling system the language is the most significant component in the building of the system of culture. A personification of this component is the man of the speech (the singer, the story teller). In traditional folk culture some connection to the speech belongs to roles like those of the fortune-teller, healer, sorcerer. The quallity of "the gift of the gab" or "the gift of speech" has been studied following the indo-european classification of the nature beings. The representation of this understandness in the same semantics is shown in the mythological-poetic tradition. The formation of the specific roles in connection with the functions of the speech is done. Special attention is payed to the transformations in the figure and the role of the poet, a transformation from the archaic times of the culture to our days. The common features are outlined and the differentiations between the man of speech and the God, the demiourg, the cultural hero, the priest. The author has tried to follow its falling down to the priest. The author has tried to follow its falling down to the position of the fool, clown in the company of the ruler. The nuances in the view of the society which make difference between the language as a fact of culture and the man of speech as its carrier are pointed out. On this base are found the sensible and semantic arguments of some modern celebrations of the speech and literature in Bulgaria.

  • Issue Year: 1994
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 3-25
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Bulgarian