The 1918 Reorganization Plan of the Staff of the Serbian Supreme Command Cover Image

План реорганизације штаба врховне команде српске војске из 1918.
The 1918 Reorganization Plan of the Staff of the Serbian Supreme Command

Author(s): Aleksandar Životić
Subject(s): Military history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Institut za strategijska istraživanja
Keywords: Serbia; the First World War; the Staff of the Serbian Supreme Command; Thessaloniki Front; 1918; Reorganization Plan

Summary/Abstract: The Serbian Supreme Command, based on the organization used during the Balkan Wars, was formed at the beginning of the First World War. The Supreme Command was the highest headquarters of the Serbian operational army and provided command, control, and administrative and logistical support to the entire operational army. At the beginning of the War, it sublimated earlier peacetime functions of the Serbian General Staff and the Ministry of Defence. Field Marshal (vojvoda) Živojin Mišić, who became the Chief of the General Staff in June 1918, began the Supreme Command’s reorganization. The reorganization was based on an analysis of the requirements of the Serbian troops on the Thessaloniki Front, as well as on previous war experiences. Field Marshal Mišić’s main innovation was to separate the Operations from the Administration Directorates. Colonel Dragutin Milutinović, one of the most experienced and well educated Serbian officers, was determined to propose a new organizational structure. He elaborated in detail the new organizational model of the Staff of the Serbian Supreme Command: the Staff was split into two parts, Operations and Administration Directorates; two new functions of Deputy Chief of Staff were introduced; some new directorates were formed (Cabinet of the General Staff, Intelligence); the functions of certain elements were precisely defined, and а clear chain of command was established. Colonel Milutinović's proposal was accepted but never implemented due to the intense preparation for the breakthrough of the Thessaloniki Front. After the First World War, these concepts of the reorganzation of the Staff of the Serbian Supreme Command were incorporated into the formation of the new General Staff, War Staff of the Supreme Command, and Ministry of Army and Navy of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 28-45
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Serbian