Value aspects of the development of civic culture Cover Image

ЦІННІСНИЙ АСПЕКТ ФОРМУВАННЯ ГРОМАДЯНСЬКОЇ КУЛЬТУРИ
Value aspects of the development of civic culture

Author(s): Artem Shahan
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Civil Society
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: civic culture; law; morality; moral values; socialanomie; values;

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the formation of value orientations of citizens under conditions of ambivalent public rhetoric. The system of values of civic culture, characterized by the motivation to create certain values, namely the attitude of the individual to himself as the subject of civil society, critical thinking, optimism, positive attitude to social reality, the need for active participation in social processes and significant changes.The theoretical factual paper describes the scientific approach to the definition of conceptual and categorical apparatus. The author examines the concept of "civic culture" as a special subsystem of general culture, from the perspective of evolutionism and functionality. Exploring the structure of culture the author isolates its relationship with modality, the maturity of society, thoughts and actions, characteristic of a society, social dependency, behavioral patterns, values and ideas that reflect the relationship of features that is specifically taken from society.Special attention is focused on the author's definition and characteristics under the concept of "value". The author argues that it is the value of organizing knowledge, motivating behavior and activities of the individual, making human life filled with meaning.Summarizing scientific approaches to the definition of the concept the author identifies two main groups of values which are important in the formation of human beings, namely, material and spiritual, and concludes that values are ideas, norms, processes, relations material and spiritual order, having a positive objective value and are able to meet the specific needs of people. Human values is the link that connects its public and private life.Based on the scientific analysis of the author defines defines the value system of modern trends of Ukrainian state. The author believes that things that happened in Ukraine are caused by a break of certain social consciousness of citizens , determined the transition from traditional society to an innovative type of paternalism to civic participation,from authoritarianism to democracy. This process is accompanied by the transformation of value systems that formed the basis of society and state.The author believes that Ukrainian society has undergone fundamental structural changes due to the destruction of the existing value system for decades. Social transformation led not only to changes in economic, political and cultural institutions, but also become a source of instability social environment caused blurring objects identification values. There is a contradictory process radical reassessment of the totality of values, which leads to difficulties in adapting to the individual requirements of modern times, strengthens the processes of social anomie.The author believes that the important form of expression of civic culture is law and morality. The law and morality form the model and the value-normative standards of society orientations.In the process of historical development of civic culture the ideals and norms of rationality have been absorbed.This active, rational-activist culture in my opinion, is today a prerequisite of social and cultural development of manyWestern countries. That culture directs people to actively mastering social reality in all its spheres.According to the author in the structure of civic culture stand stable values not subject to the passage of time, we can say, classic, universal primary function is to convert the objective imperatives of social activity in the subjective goals, motives actions and deeds. Civic values is to strengthen the existing system, they meet the criterion of general significance and that is objectively serve the integrity of society by rationing behavior of the person.In conclusion, the author distinguishes four important basic components, namely cognitive, as the basis of socio-psychological, economic, political, legal, cultural and historical knowledge; axiological as important values, an ideal position; reflexive, as a special ability to think critically, the ability to explore and discuss the nature of events, using various sources of information, etc.; behavioral, as a way of socially transformative activities based on sustainable values.Characteristic features of civic culture is its autonomy, rationality, and rational-critical attitude to reality, democracy, tolerance and pluralism. The ability to exercise their rights, freedoms, availability of high responsibility towards society and the state, patriotism . Those are valuable principles on which is formed a high level of civic culture.The author argues that the purpose of civic culture is to build value orientations of members of civil society, as well as symbolic and normative mediation of their interaction with each other. Without civic culture, understood as the capacity for dialogue, consensus and co-operation in general civil purposes, the company is doomed to collapse.

  • Issue Year: 1/2014
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 140-144
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: Ukrainian