Sources of philosophical reflection. Irrationality as a substrate of rationality Cover Image

Źródła refleksji filozoficznej. Irracjonalność jako podłoże racjonalności
Sources of philosophical reflection. Irrationality as a substrate of rationality

Author(s): Jadwiga Skrzypek-Faluszczak
Subject(s): History of Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Political Philosophy, Social Philosophy
Published by: Fundacja »Lubelska Szkoła Filozofii Chrześcijańskiej«
Keywords: irrationalizm; divinity; structure polis; philosophy; religious experience;

Summary/Abstract: Nowadays, there is no doubt that philosophy is a great benefit both as a school of thinking and scientific base. This work is an attempt to reconstruct the culture that contributed to the philosophical way of thinking. My goal is to extract two important factors: religion carrying individual experience and the importance of certain ideas which are present in that culture. Sources of philosophical thinking can be found in the structure of polis. Only on its basis could the idea of the wise man and citizen as well as religion-oriented individual experience be raised. Greek polis paves the way for a new style of thinking by creating the conditions for its citizens to follow the ideal, regardless of the position they occupy in society. Sustainability, which should be a feature of a good citizen is also the essence of society. Highly positioned wisdom as moral reflection tinged with religiosity allows thinking according to the laws of logos. Finally, the experience offered by the mystery cults leads to the transformation of their own existence and the emergence of a different way than before recognition of reality. Undeniably all of my elements related to structure policies with its ideals contribute to the emergence of a new way of thinking in the form of philosophy. You could say that the philosophical objectivity is preceded subjectivity and rationality of its roots dating back to irrationality.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 26
  • Page Range: 281-309
  • Page Count: 29
  • Language: Polish