Freedom as a Sociological Concept - A Few Thoughts on the Basic Assumptions of the Question of Freedom Cover Image

Слобода као социолошки појам - неколико размишљања о основним претпоставкама питања о слободи
Freedom as a Sociological Concept - A Few Thoughts on the Basic Assumptions of the Question of Freedom

Author(s): Aleksandar Novaković
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Political Philosophy, Political Theory, Social Theory
Published by: Институт за политичке студије
Keywords: individual freedom; methodological individualism; the limits of freedom; liberalism; socialism;

Summary/Abstract: In this paper we consider the question of freedom in social context. Therefore, we will not deal here with the philosophical problem of free will, we will rather assume along with Immanuel Kant – and almost all other classical liberal philosophers, that man is basically a free being, so the main preoccupation of this paper will be freedom in society, freedom as a social phenomenon. It will be shown that its valid theoretical definition presuppose that it cannot be thought neither within the paradigm of any sort of collectivity (nation, class, gender, etc.), nor in terms of individual subjectivity (psychological, specific philosophical, theological, or other subjective motives and considerations, foreign to the social aspect of freedom). The main thesis of this paper is that the issue of freedom can be contextualized and positioned only on the individual level, and with the help of theoretical and methodo logical apparatus of natural law theory – that is, from the perspective of a hypothetical state of nature. In this sense, a structural theoretical deficit of all ideologies and political theories that treat the issue of freedom on different grounds will be exposed. We will, also, explain that usual misinterpretations of the social notion of freedom are due to the fact that its semantic sphere is often being filled with the elements not essentially connected with the concept of freedom as sociological one.

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 295-308
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Serbian