From Hope to Disappointment – Soviet Union’s Aid in Establishing of Yugoslav Economy (1945–1948) Cover Image

Од наде до разочарања – помоћ Совјетског Савеза у изградњи југословенске привреде (1945–1948)
From Hope to Disappointment – Soviet Union’s Aid in Establishing of Yugoslav Economy (1945–1948)

Author(s): Saša Ilić
Subject(s): Economic history, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), History of Communism
Published by: Udruženje za društvenu istoriju
Keywords: USSR; Yugoslavia; economy; foreign labors; lack of qualified staff

Summary/Abstract: After the Second World War the Yugoslav economy was in great technical and technological stagnancy and had a noticeable lack of qualified staff. Its own resources could not neutralize this, due to “thin” legacy of the interwar period and the grave consequences of war (destruction, demographic losses). Professional staff had to be invited from abroad. Given the established ideological matrix, the most desirable collaborator and a provider of assistance had to be the Soviet Union. However, despite the promises (various cooperation agreements), a small number of projects and very limited number of experts, who stayed in Yugoslavia for shorter or longer periods (excluding a great number of former Russian emigrants who became USSR citizens by the agreement between the two states, but were not human potential of this country since its inception), the scope and intensity of the expected benefits, and its effects were far behind the hopes. Several dozens of Soviet experts, including advisers and instructors, which would later serve as a pretext for Cominform conflict, represented a huge expense for the state, enjoying an exceptionally high standard, completely disproportionate to the impact they produced “on the ground”. An alternative, and as it turned out, the only real source of skilled professionals was “on the other side” – in the countries that were enemies in the past war.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 37-63
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Serbian